TYPES OF FORESTS

Below we describe following types of forests. i-e Temperature deciduous forests , Tropical Rain forests, Boreal Forests,and Temperature coniferous Forests.

TEMPERATE DECIDUOUS FORESTS:

Temperature deciduous forest is also include types of Forests

  • Soil

The soil in these forests is very fertile.

  • Location:

They are located in Eastern United States and Canada, Western Europe and parts of Russia, China and Japan.

  • Climate:

There are four distinct seasons in temperate deciduous forests and precipitation falls throughout the year, as rain in the spring, summer and fall and snow in the winter. Temperate deciduous forests receive 30-60 inches of rain per year.

  • Animals:

 Animals living in temperate deciduous forests must be adapted to cold winters. Common species found in temperate deciduous forests include, red fox, hawks, woodpecker and cardinals.

  • Plants:

 The forest floor in temperate deciduous forests supports mosses, ferns and wildflowers and the understory supports a variety of shrubs and ferns. Maple, oak and birch trees are some examples of the deciduous trees that dominate these forests. There are also small numbers of evergreen trees such as pines and fir.

types of forest
Temperature deciduous forest

TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS:

Tropical Rain forest is also include types of Forests

  • Soil

Because the temperature is warm and the air moist, decomposition happens at a very fast rate in tropical rainforests. High levels of rainfall often lead to leaching of nutrients from the soil, creating soils that are nutrient poor.

  • Location:

The tropical rain forest contain the greatest diversity of species of all biomass on earth. They are found around the equator, between 23.5 degrees N latitude and 23.5 degrees S latitude.

  • Climate:

 Temperatures in tropical rain forests remain between 68 and 77 degrees Fahrenheit all year long. Winter is absent in these forests. Most tropical rain forests receive 100 inches of rain per year.

  • Animals:

Dense growing trees create a thick canopy layer in tropical rain forests that keep the sun from penetrating to the lower layers of the forest. This means that most animals that live here must be adapted to living in the trees. A variety of birds, bats, monkeys, snakes and other animals can be found in tropical rain forests.

  • Plants:

Trees in the tropical rain forests grow between 82 and 115 feet tall and are typically broad-leafed trees. Other plants include ferns, vines, mosses, palms and orchids.

types of forests
Tropical rain forests

BOREAL FORESTS:

  • Soil: 

Because of cold temperatures, decomposition takes a long time, resulting in thin soil.

  • Location:

This is the northern most forest type and is found between 50 and 60 degrees North latitude. Boreal forests are found in Canada, northern Asia, Siberia and Scandinavia (Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Finland). About two-thirds of the world’s boreal forests are found in Scandinavia.

  • Climate:

Boreal forests are characterized by long winters and short summers. Most precipitation is in the form of snow and these forests receive between 15 and 40 inches of precipitation per year.

  • Animals:

Animals found here must be adapted to long, cold winters and usually have thick fur. Deer, moose, elk, caribou, snowshoe hare, wolves, grizzly bears, lynxes and wolverines are some examples.

  • Plants:

Trees are mostly evergreen and include species such as spruce, fir and pine. The understory is limited because the canopy is so dense.

types of forests
Boreal Forests

TEMPERATE CONIFEROUS FORESTS:

Temperature coniferous forest is also include types of Forests

  • Soil: 

Soils are generally rich with a thick layer of decaying material.

  • Location:

These forests are located in Pacific Northwestern United States and Canada, southwestern South America, Southern Japan, New Zealand and small parts of northwestern Europe (Ireland, Scotland, Iceland and Norway).

  • Climate:

The Temperate climate with temperature that fluctuates little throughout the year. High levels of precipitation (50-200 inches per year) cause a moist climate and a long growing season.

  • Animals:

Examples of animals that live in temperate coniferous forests are, deer, marmot, elk, black bear, salmon, spotted owl.

  • Plants:

Evergreen conifers dominate these forests. Due to the high levels of precipitation and moderate temperatures, there is a long growing season, resulting in trees that grow very tall. Dominant tree species found in temperate coniferous forests include cedar, cypress, Douglas fir, pine, spruce and redwood. There are some deciduous trees such as maple, and mosses and ferns are common.

types of forests
Temperature Coniferous Forests

 

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